《归成》毕业于美国宾夕法尼亚大学的第一代中国建筑师
Accomplishment The First Generation of Chinese Architects from the University of Pennsylvania
展期:2019年7月23日至10月13日
展览时间:周二到周日,9:00-17:00
展览地点:清华大学艺术博物馆二层展厅
主办单位:清华大学艺术博物馆、清华大学建筑学院
总 策 划:庄惟敏 苏丹 王辉
策 展 人:童明 刘畅
支持单位:清华大学建筑设计研究院 上海当代艺术博物馆 URBANUS都市实践 UrbanNetworkOffice
媒体支持:《世界建筑》《住区》《建筑史》《中国建筑史论汇刊》《建筑学报》

Dates:2019.07.23-2019.10.13
Address: TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY ART MUSEUM
Chief Planner: Zhuang Weimin, Su Dan, Wang Hui
Curators: Tong Ming, Liu Chang
Acknowledgments:Architectural Design and Research ,Institute of Tsinghua University,Power Station of Art URBANUS UrbanNetworkOffice
毕业于美国宾夕法尼亚大学的中国第一代建筑师中国现代的城市发展与建筑事业发轫于20世纪初,同时也带动了中国传统建筑研究学术体系的建立和发展。在这一时期,第一代建筑师崭露头角,群星璀璨,为中国建筑的现代化发展做出了卓越贡献;第一代建筑学家苦心孤诣,体用相济,为中国建筑史学奠定了坚实的基础。在他们当中,有一批最为杰出的代表——如范文照、杨廷宝、梁思成、童寯、陈植等,都毕业于美国宾夕法尼亚大学艺术学院,他们在建筑设计、建筑研究、建筑教育以及建筑史学等诸多领域树立标杆、构建框架,堪称中国建筑学科影响至为深远的第一丰碑。

由清华大学艺术博物馆与清华大学建筑学院联合主办的“归成——-毕业于宾夕法尼亚大学的中国第一代建筑学家”展览,将在呈现1918年至1935年期间,在宾夕法尼亚大学建筑系求学的20多位中国留学生的学习经历、学业成就的基础上,尝试揭示其中建筑理论与建筑史学对于中国学术的深刻影响。

梁思成,作为宾大归来学子中的代表,与同行者一道开启了中国建筑理论、建筑史学和建筑教育、建筑创作的发展历程,在国家建设过程中发挥了重要作用。

梁思成在建筑思想和具体实践中的创造性摸索,他的一课、一旅、一著、一图、一影,不仅依赖于个人深厚的传统文化积淀,更映射出奔波万里孜孜以求的成果与心得。特别是他参与创立的中国最初的建筑学术团体以及学术出版物,与志同道合者协力创建了中国自己的建筑教育体系,培养了第二代、第三代建筑学者和建筑师,为中国文化事业和现代建筑事业的持续发展打下了坚实基础。

这一代学者和实践者,他们在历史理论研究、设计创作、建筑遗产保护、建筑学术交流等诸多方面,走出了既有国际视角,又有中国特色的发展之路,成为中国现代科技与文化发展进程中的有机组成部分。

本展览以专业性视角,以鲜活化方式,向学界与公众集中展示毕业于美国宾夕法尼亚大学的中国第一代建筑师,以缅怀前辈的创业之功,相应展示我国建筑学术、建筑实践的前进之路,以期对于未来中国建筑事业的发展有所启示。


The early 20th century in China saw a virtually unprecedented boom in urban planning and architectural undertakings that paved the way for the development of architectural history studies as a modern academic discipline. During this period, the first generation of professional architects emerged and made outstanding contributions to the modern practice of architecture in China. Additionally, the first generation of architectural historians emerged—hardworking individuals with a sense of community who laid a solid foundation for architectural history studies. Among them, the most distinguished scholars—Robert Fang Lent, Yang Ting Pao, Liang Shih-Cheng, Tung Chuin, and Chen Benjamin Chih—all had graduated from the Architecture Department at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, USA. They planted the seeds of all later development in the fields of architectural design, research, education, and historiography, by defining the norms and developing the frameworks within which these disparate disciplines would operate afterward.

The exhibition titled “The First Generation of Chinese Architects from the University of Pennsylvania” co-organized by Tsinghua University Art Museum and Tsinghua University School of Architecture proudly presents the learning experience and achievements in this endeavor of more than 20 Chinese overseas students trained at the University of Pennsylvania from 1918 to 1935. This will reveal the profound impact the American training in the history and theory of architecture left on Chinese academia.

Liang Shih-Cheng, the most iconic figure of the returning overseas students from Penn, together with his colleagues stimulated the development of Chinese architectural theory, architectural historiography, architectural education, and architectural creation while playing a key role in the construction of a new national identity.

Liang’s understanding of architectural theory and practice—theoretical research, field survey, written documentation, technical drawings, final presentation—reflects not only his profound knowledge of traditional culture but also the fruits of many years of practice.

In particular, Liang actively participated and founded several of China’s major architectural organizations and compiled many seminal books. He worked with like-minded people devoted to architectural education in China, and trained the second and third generations of architectural scholars and professionals, laying the foundation for the sustainable development of Chinese cultural undertakings and modern architectural undertakings.

This generation of scholars and professionals successfully managed to strike a balance between global and local perspectives. They valued their own culture while developing international top-notch history and theory research, creative design, monument protection practice, and academic relationships, all of which pushed the development of science, technology, and culture in modern China.

The exhibition presents the first generation of Chinese architects trained in America at the University of Pennsylvania from a fresh, professional perspective. While commemorating their pioneering academic achievements, the exhibition also points the way toward the future of Chinese architectural theory and practice, with the aim to contribute to the future development of China's architectural profession.