新地域构筑 ─ 泰国当代建筑群展
“Emerging Tectonics”─ Thai Contemporary Architecture
展期:2018年08月08日-2018年08月22日
时间:周二至周日 10:30 AM-18:00 PM
展览地点:衡复微空间 上海市徐汇区东湖路37号(近延庆路)

Dates:2018.08.08—2018.08.22
Hours:  Tuesday – Sunday, 10:30 AM—18:00 PM
Address: URBANCROSS Gallery 37 Donghu Road, Xuhui District, Shanghai
泰国在二十世纪80年代随着东南亚冷战的结束,社会加快其工业化与商业化的发展,除了房地产和办公楼的大量建设外,对境外投资与开发政策的调整,促使曼谷作为首都大城反应在“纵向”与“横向”两向度扩张。纵横两向的发展,开启泰国建筑走向现代化发展与多样化实践的序曲,其中Architects 49更做为先驱,将本土项目做为国际外销的媒介,打开外界对泰国现代建筑的片段认知,并先后由澳大利亚《Images Publishing》发行事务所专辑,尔后再受日本《A+U》专访出版《A49 Progressive Vernacular》,成功塑造世界对于泰国地域性、文化性、装饰性等认知,但随着内在政治型态与外部经济泡沫化影响,1997年的亚洲金融危机将泰国建筑推向另一个高度与分水岭。

90年代金融风暴,泰国内部破产企业多达数万家,失业人数更超过270万,为了降低其后续影响,经济策略上不再依赖过往以规模、人工等大批量的生产方式,取而代之由文化创意产业为主、精致制造业与服务业为辅,并开启一连串如时尚、动画、食品、汽车和观光产业等致力于泰国在文化、社会和经济复苏。此发展计划形成双矛头的攻势,对内致力于资源挹注于创意产业,并提携设计行业在细致化、独特化和在地化发展;对外则带动国际市场的涌入,让外资企业也能投入本土设计市场,整合建筑行业在构造技术、软硬件科技、专业人才与世界的衔接升级。

此次展览侧重于金融危机后所创立的八间建筑事务所12位建筑师,他们的参展作品向我们预告泰国建筑的「新地域构筑」历程与转变。参展事务所包括:Architectkidd、all(zone)、Bangkok Project Studio、CHAT architects、Department of ARCHITECTURE、Stu/D/O Architects、Supermachine Studio、Walllasia。这些建筑师多半为1970年前后生,毕业于朱拉隆功大学,尔后至欧美一流学府深造;也有部分从小受西方教育体系,并在海外工作多年,但他们一致以曼谷作为事务所根据地,不局限于区域限制与文化束缚并从展览中显示出「谦虚地自主意识」、「平和地设计策略」、「永续地营造思维」等特质。

Thailand has been trying to catch up with global economic growth since the Southeast Asian Cold War ended in the 1980s. High rising buildings shot up into the sky and waves of international investment encouraged Bangkok, the capital of Thailand, to expand vertically and horizontally. The two-direction development ushers Thai architecture into a new phase of diversity, and the achievement is introduced to the world through projects led by firms like A49. Images Publishing, an Australian magazine, released a special coverage on A49, followed by Japan’s A+U interviewing and publishing the A49 Progressive Vernacular. Through the media exposures, the unique locality, culture, and decorative of Thai architecture are introduced to international readers. In 1997, the Asian Financial Crisis broke. The political tumult and the burst of economic bubbles lead Thai architecture to another new level instead of a downturn.

The economic crisis in 1997 left tens of thousands of bankrupted companies and rendered more than 2.7 million of people jobless. In order to recover from the impact, Thailand’s government shifted from a reliance on the labor-intensive model for mass production to a strategy focused on creative industry supported by high-end manufacturing and services. The economic reform brought about social, cultural and economic resurgence encompassing various industries, including fashion, animation, food, car, and tourism. On the one hand, the government pumped abundant resources into creative industries to strengthen the nation's design ability and related developments. On the other, state policies encouraging international investors are implemented to integrate the national and international soft- and hardware resources. The effort successfully gains the country a foothold in today’s international arena of architecture.

The exhibition invited some examples of Thai contemporary architecture designed by architectural firms in Thailand, including Architectkidd, all(zone), Bangkok Project Studio, CHAT architects, Department of ARCHITECTURE, Stu/D/O Architects, Supermachine Studio and Walllasia. Some of these architects were born around 1970 and have completed their education first at the Chulalongkorn University and then at some of the top institutes in theUnited States and Europe. The rest of them were educated and have been practicing abroad for many years. Despite the difference in background, all of them choose Bangkok as their base camp to express their ideas in architecture, such as “humble autonomy”, “harmonious design strategy”, and “sustainable construction management.”